About Val Skelton

I am the editor of Information Today, Europe. On the main site, we cover news and publish feature articles by information, research and knoweldge practitioners and thought leaders. On this blog, we aim to cover other topics of interest to our readers.

Author Archive | Val Skelton

Working holidays

What did you do on your holiday? Did it include working?

Our employees should relax on holiday and not read work-related emails.

German car manufacturer Daimler has been in the news with its employee app that deletes emails from the inboxes of staff when they are on holiday. Employees can opt in or out of the system which has been developed so that employees can experience the ‘emotional relief’ of starting back at work with an empty inbox.

Volkswagen has a rule in place to prevent emails being sent once shifts have finished. Deutsche Telekom and Porsche also have guidelines saying that employees are not expected to be contactable outside their work time.

Meanwhile in the UK, figures suggest that only one in three workers take all the leave they are entitled to. 44% of those surveyed admitted to working on holiday. Nearly one in five had been contacted by a colleague and 13% said their boss had contacted them.

Even if they are not accessing work emails, British holidaymakers in Europe are very busy on their mobile devices. They are posting over 21 million pictures from their holidays every year; sending 44 million text messages and posting 20 million status updates on Twitter and Facebook.

Are employees right in thinking that taking all their holiday entitlement will cause them problems at work? In the US research suggests that 13% of managers are less likely to promote workers who take all of their vacation time; and employees who take less than their full vacations earn 2.8% more in the subsequent year than colleagues who took all of their allotted days.

Sources: Harvard Business Review; The Local (Germany); ITProPortal; Yahoo Finance.

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Google and the social divide

The social divide: Google search terms reveal inequalities in American society.

The New York Times Upshot column explored life in every region in the United States, measuring six factors:

  • Education level
  • Median household income
  • Unemployment rate
  • Disability rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Obesity

This resulted in a ‘league table’ of the hardest places to live in the country – with rural areas in particular scoring badly.

Following publication of the results, Google’s Hal Varian suggested the researchers look at 10 years of data exploring how Google searches varied between the ‘best’ and ‘hardest’ areas. An astonishing picture emerges.

While the New York Times study is focusing on the whole of the United States, a study based in Baltimore sought to explore the factors that can make the difference between economic and social success and failure. The study has been following 800 Baltimore children for three decades and discovered that even when children were born in the same area, the factors for a more ‘successful’ life are most often decided at birth – are they born into a stable family unit?

Access to libraries and information

Meanwhile, in France at the IFLA World Library and Information Congress, the Declaration on Access to Information and Development has been launched

The Declaration calls on the United Nations to recognise the role of access to libraries and information in supporting sustainable development.

Sources: New York Times; endgadget; National Public Radio; IFLA.

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Children and teenagers online

According to recent reports, Google is working on child-friendly versions of some of its services.

At the moment Google services are age-restricted (to over 13-years old in the United States; over 16 in the Netherlands for example). However, this may be set to change. Reports suggest that any such rollout will be accompanied by parent monitoring options.

Tech-savvy children

According to the latest Ofcom figures, the UK’s 14-15 year olds are the most digitally knowledgeable age group.

The UK’s six-year olds are (marginally) more tech-savvy than 45-year olds!

The research also discovered:

  • 16-24 year olds multitask so effectively they are ‘cramming 14 hours of digital media/communications into nine hours a day’
  • Only 3% of 12-15 year olds make phone calls

With telephones accounting for such a small percentage of communication for 12-15 year olds, text and instant messages account for 94%. Which leads us on to:

Instant messaging growth driven by teenagers

Research by Deloitte suggests that 300 billion instant messages will be sent in the UK in 2014. An average person will send 7 texts a day but a massive 46 instant messages. The growth in IM is accounted for by flirty teenagers. “Teenage romance is appropriating technology for its needs.”

Teenagers ignoring your calls

And finally, for parents who really want their children to answer their calls, here’s a story about an app that effecitly blocks them fromusing their phones until they return you call. So uncool!

Via Mashable; endgadget; BGR.com; Silicon Republic; ITProPortal; Bitter Wallet; The Guardian; ITProPortal.

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Experimenting with emotions

Dating website deliberately mis-matched users; art gallery ‘sells’ art to the emotional.

Earlier this summer, Facebook admitted it had been conducting experiments on ‘emotional contagion’.

Now OKCupid has announced it has been experimenting on users to find out more about how people rate each other on the site and about how ‘perceived compatibility’ works

One experiment removed all images from the site, resulting in less activity but an increase in responses to first messages.  Another test discovered that people tend to ignore profile text and base most of their response on profile pictures.

But it is the compatibility experiment which is attracting headlines.  The site told a number of users that they were strongly compatible with people when they weren’t. Users believed what they were told about compatibility, even when the profile evidence was set out in front of them – an example of people incapable of looking beyond a ‘headline’ to analyse or even read the information provided for them!

The emotion of art

Meanwhile in Sweden an art gallery has held an auction of sculptures worth up to 15,000 euros.  However, no cash changed hands.  Instead members of the public were hooked up to heart-rate monitors and their emotional responses to the works measured.  Those with the highest emotional response won the auction.  You can watch a video of how the auction went on YouTube.

Sources: The Local; The Guardian; Harvard Business Review;

Top of the apps

Popularity driven by world sporting events – and the weather.

Figures released by App Annie for June 2014 show top performing, non-gaming, apps around the world.

The top ten worldwide apps include some familiar names (Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp and Skype) and new, ‘superstar’ apps including MYOTee, an app that lets users develop and share their own avatar.  MYOTee originally launched in China at the end of 2013 and has become a viral success.  Its top ten position reflects its popularity in China – it has yet to make an impact on the rest of the world – as yet.

The FIFA official app also made it to the top ten, reflecting the popularity of the football World Cup.  The app was downloaded 18 million times in the first three weeks of June and it was the number one app in 135 countries and territories in June.

Other top performers in June were China’s search engine Baidu and battery-saving app DU Battery Saver, which in particular experienced growth in Brazil, Mexico, Thailand and the US.

Music company Pandora was the second most popular app by revenue and experienced rapid growth in Australia and New Zealand. It now has two million registered users.

How the UK market differs

In the UK, the popularity of FIFA indirectly led to growth for ITV Player which offered live streaming and on-demand coverage of World Cup matches.  Other video content providers were performing well in the UK in June.

The charts seem to suggest that UK users take security more seriously.  While the UK has a security app in the top ten, this is not the case in the worldwide or US figures.

Three apps in the UK top ten are newspapers.  40% of The Guardian’s digital traffic now comes from mobile devices and a new update in May means the newspaper has attracted 300,000 new downloads worldwide.  The Guardian joins The Times/Sunday Times and The Telegraph in the UK’s top ten apps.

The figures also show that when the weather turns warmer, users turn their thoughts to romance (strong performances reported from dating apps including Match and Grindr) and fitness (the 30 Day ab challenge has been performing well in the rankings throughout June.

More on the app performance charts from App Annie.


Internet security 2014

Symantec declares 2013 a year of mega-breaches and targeted attacks.

The Symantec Corporation has published its Internet Security Report for 2014.

Symantec’s data monitors threat activity in 157 countries and territories.  The report features a time-line of security breaches from around the world and analyses the number of targets of each attack.

Key findings

  • The total number of breaches were up 62% from 2012
  • A total of 552 million identities were breached in 2013 – an astonishing increase of 493% on 2012 figures
  • Data exposed included credit card information, birth dates, home addresses, medical records, logins, passwords and email addresses
  • Real names, birth dates and social security numbers are the top three types of data breached
  • Mega-breaches – Eight breaches exposed more than 10 million identities each
  • Massive growth in ‘ransomware’ – scammers acting as ‘law enforcement’ to levy fines up 500%
  • The Internet of Things – attackers are targeting medical equipment, baby monitors and smart TVs
  • Big Data is also attractive to cybercriminals

Social Media and mobile threats

Fake offers and click through online surveys are the most popular form of scamming used on social media platforms.  Other scams include fake apps, which require login information to be entered which is then stolen.  Malicious app developers find it relatively easy to persuade users to grant them unnecessary permissions.  The attraction of attacking mobile devices is that so much data is available once an attacker is on the device.

Reducing threats – best practice for businesses

  • implement a removable media policy
  • restrict email attachments
  • enforce a strong password policy
  • educate staff and users on internet security protocols
  • monitor for incursions and vulnerabilities

Reducing threats – best practice for consumers

  • Think before you click
  • Update your antivirus software regularly
  • Guard your personal data

 The full White Paper is available to download from Symatec.

Dangerous and negative selfies

 Young women urged to consider unexpected consequences of ‘sexy selfies’ while footage of a man taking a ‘dangerous selfie’ in Spain has gone viral.

Research undertaken by the Oregon State University has revealed that women respond negatively to ‘sexy selfies’ of their peers.

Elizabeth Daniels* studies the effect of media on the body image.  She says that young women are often pressurised to portray themselves as sexy.  Daniels set up two Facebook profiles. They were identical in everything but their profile picture.  Although photos of the same person were used, one was ‘sexier’ than the other.  58 teenage girls and 60 young women were asked to comment on the profiles.  The respondents found the ‘non-sexy’ profile to be prettier, more competent and more likely to be a good friend.  Daniels advises young women and girls to choose profile photographs that showcase their identity – not simply their appearance.

Meanwhile, in Spain a bylaw is attempting to stop people using cameras at the running of the bulls festival in San Fermin. Those failing to comply may be faced with fines of up to €3,000 for endangering themselves and others.

Three people – all British citizens – have been fined so far including one who used a drone to film the bull run.  Police are also looking to identify a man seen taking a dangerous selfie as he ran ahead of the bulls.  He is now known on Twitter as ‘the idiot with the mobile’.

People were also attempting to take selfies when the Tour de France was in the UK. An American cyclist dubbed their attempts ‘a dangerous mixture of vanity and stupidity’ – which seems to be a perfect description for many selfies.

* Daniels’ research was published today in the journal “Psychology of Popular Media Culture.” The article, titled “The price of sexy: Viewers’ perceptions of a sexualised versus non-sexualised Facebook profile photo,” was co-authored by Eileen L. Zurbriggen of the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Time wasting at work

How much time is wasted at work being non-productive – and what can be done to improve the situation?

In Sweden, several employees of the Social Insurance Agency have been discovered browsing on the job.  The Agency found that employees had been visiting non-work related websites while being ‘inactive on the work system’.  One employee spent 50 hours of work time visiting 350 websites while another spent 47 hours on non-work related browsing – mostly on Facebook.  One of the employees was fined half a month’s pay.

Meanwhile, self-employed entrepreneur Maneesh Sethi, has been measuring his own non-productive time at work.  Using an app called RescueTime, he discovered he was spending up to 30 hours a week on non-work related sites such as Facebook and Reddit.  Looking for help to keep him focused, he advertised on Craigslist for a ‘faceslapper’ to hit him every time he attempted to visit his social media sites.  He reported a massive improvement in his productivity.

Since that experiment, he has gone on to develop a wearable device that will monitor the wearer’s ‘bad habits’ and give them an electric shock if they slip into their old ways!

Research published by CareerBuilder looked at the obstacles to maximising productivity in the workplace. Mobile phones, gossip, social media, noisy colleagues, meetings, speaker phones and email are all cited.  73% of the participating organisations had attempted to implement measures to mitigate time-wasting at work, including blocking some websites, monitoring internet usage and limiting meetings.

But what if you want to be distracted at work?  Helpfully, econsultancy has provided a list of 11 websites and Twitter accounts that can help you fill your days unproductively, including the useless and ironic time-saving tips of @TwopTips – example:

Make yourself feel more important by referring to your tweets as “content”.

A simpler life – the secret to happiness?

Survey of 16,000 people around the world explores contentment.  Is a simpler life the key to happiness?  Or is it being Danish?

On average, 77% of respondents from 20 developed countries* declared themselves to be ‘happy’ and the rate rose in the world’s three happiest countries, Sweden (88%), Canada (86%) and Australia (85%).

Happiness levels were lower overall in Europe and the Spanish were the unhappiest of all – only 59% reported themselves to be happy.

In contrast to their current levels of happiness and their feelings of optimism for family and community, only 22% of people said they were optimistic about prospects for the world as a whole, a proportion that fell to 20% in the US, 15% in the UK and 6% in France.

A simpler life

Many respondents reported they felt the world was changing too fast and over half of them wanted to slow down the pace of their lives.  64% said that people ‘led happier lives in the old days’.   Many complained about the intensity of their digital lives – 78% of Chinese and 71% of UK respondents agreed “I am constantly looking at screens these days”.

However, 61% of the respondents felt that technology was part of the solution, not part of the problem.

Another route to happiness – be Danish?

Does Danish DNA hold the secret to happiness?  Researchers have been exploring the link between gene mutation and happiness – and are calling for further research.

* Ipsos Mori questioned people in Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Poland, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, UK, US


The future of bookshops

I like writing about bookshops.  In fact I wrote about ‘the perfect bookshop’ for the Sunday Observer when I was a teenager.  It was my first time ‘in print’.  I’ve not seen a copy of the article for years and can’t remember what I wrote.  I like to think that I described a bookshop with sofas and cups of tea and that I was years ahead of my time and that I invented Waterstones.

Can bookshops survive?

But how are these ‘bookshops of the future’ faring now?  In the US, according to the latest statistics, publisher revenues from digital products have outstripped those from traditional ‘bricks and mortar’ shops for the first time.  Revenues from downloaded audiobooks, for example, were up almost 20% in 2013.

Other changes in digital reading

The US is also experiencing a decline in the dedicated e-reader market.  People are increasingly reading on their tablets or smartphones and are not using dedicated e-reader devices.   Multi-feature devices are killing off the specialised ones – and this is a problem for publishers.  Writing in New York Magazine, Kevin Roose says that those using e-reader devices benefit from a more immersive reading experience – and are reading more.  When they are reading on their iPhones or tablets a range of other information is competing for the reader’s attention.

Digital in-store and re-inventing bookshops

Meanwhile in London Foyles the Bookshop has relocated to a new site on Charing Cross Road and undergone quite a transformation. You can see a nice time-lapse video of half a million books being moved on YouTube.   In this article, Ben Davis visits the new store to test the digital in-store experience as he set out to find a specific book.

A feature in [The Economist's] Intelligent Life asks architects and designers to design a bookshop.  Their responses include: download and vending walls; literary sommeliers; social reading experiences – the bookstore becoming (like the library) a social experience rather than a place purely for commercial transactions.


If anyone can help me locate a copy of my Sunday Observer magazine article, I would love to hear from you!

Sources: The Bookseller; Publishing Perspectives; econsultancy; Mashable.